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Please take a look at our publications about the implementation, development, and testing of the LVAD Decision Aid:

  • Kostick, K.M., Trejo, M., Bhimaraj, A., Civitello A., Grinstein, J., Horstmanshof D., Jorde U.P., Loebe M., Mehra M.R., Sulemanjee N.Z., Thohan V., Trachtenberg B.H., Uriel N., Volk R.J., Estep J.D., Blumenthal-Barby J.S. A principal components analysis of factors associated with successful implementation of an LVAD decision support tool. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 21, 106 (2021).

  • Kostick K, Trejo M, Volk R, Estep J, Blumenthal-Barby JS. (2020). Using Nudges to Enhance Clinicians’ Implementation of Shared Decision Making with Patient Decision Aids. Medical Decision Making Policy and Practice 5(1). doi:

  • Blumenthal-Barby JS, Kostick KM, Trejo M, Bhimaraj A, Civitello A, Horstmanshof DA, Jorde UP, Loebe M, Mehra MR, Thohan V, Trachtenberg BH, Uriel N, Volk RJ, Estep JD. (2020). Implementation of Patient-Centered Shared Decision Making for LVAD Candidates: Year 1 Results of a Multi-Site Study. J Heart Lung Transplant, 39(4): S159. 

  • Buchberg Trejo M, Kostick KM, Estep JD, Blumenthal-Barby JS. Identifying Knowledge Gaps among LVAD Candidates. Journal of Clinical Medicine 8(4), 2019: 549.

  • Kostick KM, Trejo M, Blumenthal-Barby JS. Suffering and Healing in the Context of LVAD Treatment. Journal of Clinical Medicine 8(5), 2019: 660.


  • Kostick, K. M., Bruce, C. R., Minard, C. G., Volk, R. J., Civitello, A., Krim, S. R., ... & Bruckner, B. A. (2018). A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial of a Patient-Centered Ventricular Assist Device Decision Aid (VADDA Trial). J Card Fail, 24(10), 661-671. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2018.08.008. PubMed PMID: 30195826.

  • Kostick K, Delgado E, Wilhelms LA, Bruce CR, Estep JD, Loebe M, Minard C, Blumenthal-Barby JS. (2016). Development and Pilot-Testing of a Patient Decision Aid for Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement. The VAD Journal, 2(1). doi: 016.01.

  • Kostick K, Minard C, Wilhelms LA, Delgado E, Abraham MN, Bruce CR, Estep JD, Loebe M, Volk R, Blumenthal-Barby JS. (2016). Development and Validation of a Patient-Centered Knowledge Scale for LVAD Placement. J Heart Lung Transplant, 35(6):768-776. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2016.01.015. PubMed PMID: 26922278.

  • Blumenthal-Barby JS, Kostick KM, Delgado ED, Volk RJ, Kaplan HM, Wilhelms LA, McCurdy SA, Estep JD, Loebe M, Bruce CR. (2015) Assessment of patients' and caregivers' informational and decisional needs for left ventricular assist device placement: Implications for informed consent and shared decision-making. J Heart Lung Transplant, 34(9):1182-9. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2015.03.026. Epub 2015 Mar 31. PubMed PMID: 26087668. 


  • Bruce CR, Delgado E, Kostick K, Grogan S, Ashrith G, Trachtenberg B, Estep JD, Bhimaraj A, Pham L, Blumenthal-Barby JS. (2014) Ventricular assist devices: a review of psychosocial risk factors and their impact on outcomes. J Card Fail, 20(12):996-1003. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.09.006. Epub 2014 Sep 17. Review. PubMed PMID: 25239054.


  • Grogan S, Kostick K, Delgado E, Bruce CR. Ventricular assist devices as destination therapy: psychosocial and ethical implications. (2015). Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J, 11(1):9-11. doi: 10.14797/mdcj-11-1-9. PubMed PMID: 25793023; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4362075.


  • Bruce CR, Kostick KM, Delgado ED, Wilhelms LA, Volk RJ, Smith ML, McCurdy SA, Loebe M, Estep JD, Blumenthal-Barby JS. (2015). Reasons Why Eligible Candidates Decline Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement. J Card Fail, 21(10):835-839. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2015.06.008. PubMed PMID: 26112460.


  • Kostick KM, Blumenthal-Barby JS, Wilhelms LA, Delgado ED, Bruce CR. (2015). Content Analysis of Social Media Related to Left Ventricular Assist Devices. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes, 8(5):517-523. PubMed PMID: 26219889.


  • Kostick KM, Blumenthal-Barby J. A Failing Heart And The Downside Of Life-Prolonging Technology. (2015). Health Aff (Millwood), 34(8):1418-22. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2014.1050. PubMed PMID: 26240255.


  • Bruce CR, Blumenthal-Barby JS, & Meyers D. (2015). Benefits and challenges of early introduction of left ventricular assist device placement: a patient-centered perspective. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 66(16), 1762-1765. PubMed PMID: 26483098. 

LVAD patient and doctor
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